Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus in 1919 in Weimer, Germany. Gropius believed a marriage of art and design would bring about a utopian craft guild. In 1923 he realized it was financially impractical to have everything hand crafted, and adapted his belief to incorporate mass production of the arts, at this time the school adopted the slogan, “Art Into Industry.”
The school was closed by the Nazi’s in 1933, but the philosophy continued to spread throughout the world a students, teachers, and staff immigrated. The global modern movement would not be the same without the influence of the Bauhaus, as it is one of the most influential and pervasive design movements of the 20th century.